Vomena: December 3, 2014

Habib Ayeb on parliamentary elections in Tunisia

Compared with some other Arab Spring countries, such as Egypt and Libya, Tunisia seems to have weathered the aftermath of revolution relatively unscathed so far. This week, we speak with Tunisian-born Professor Habib Ayeb about Tunisia’s recent parliamentary elections and the evolving loyalties of the Tunisian electorate.

Habib Ayeb is a geographer and researcher at the Social Research Center at the American University in Cairo.

Zohreh Soleimani’s, To Kill a Sparrow

Today, hundreds of women accused of so-called moral crimes are in prison across Afghanistan. Zohreh Soleimani’s award-winning documentary, To Kill a Sparrow, tells the story of Soheila, one of these women. In our second segment, Malihe Razazan speaks with Zohreh Soleimani about the documentary and Soheila’s refusal to accept forced marriage.

Zohreh Soleimani is a Tehran-based Iranian photojournalist.

 

Additional information

Read about Soheila and view To Kill a Sparrow at NY Times

BBC coverage of women accused of “moral crimes” in Badam Bagh, Kabul’s only women prison

Human Rights Watch report urging Afghan government to end wrongful imprisonment of women 

Vomena: November 12, 2014

 Seda Altug on clashes in Kobani

Since mid-September, intense fighting between Kurds and ISIS has moved Kobani — a small town on the Syria-Turkey border — to the front pages of major media outlets.This week, In the second part of the interview:

Shahram Aghamir speaks with Seda Altug,  assistant Professor at The Ataturk Institute for Modern Turkish History at Bogaziçi University.

imagesNadine Naber on the trial of Rasmea Odeh

On Monday November 10, after less than two hours of deliberation, a Detroit federal courthouse jury reached a guilty verdict in the government’s case against Rasmea Odeh — prominent 67 year old activist, community organizer, and now political prisoner. The government’s indictment stated that she unlawfully gained U.S. citizenship by allegedly falsifying answers to some questions on her visa application in 1995 and on her citizenship application in 2004.

Malihe Razazan speaks with Nadine Naber, associate Professor in the Department of Gender and Women’s Studies and Asian American Studies at the University of Illinois.

 

The full show

 

 

Additional Reading
A great rundown of the case from The Chicago Monitor

Open letter of support for Rasmea from feminist scholars 

" target="_blank">Electronic Intifada on the promise to appeal the guilty verdict against Rasmea

 

Syrian Kurds and the Student BDS Movement

ISIS massacres the Syrian town of Kobani

We spoke with Seda Altug about the significance of the violence in the Syrian town of Kobani, and international attention on it. She tells us how Kobani has become a “metaphor of resistance” for people of many different ideologies and groups against all sorts of barbarism, manipulation, sectarianism and authoritarianism. It is because it provides an alternative example for the political imagination in the Middle East that Kobani has become so starkly targeted by ISIS. You can hear the rest of this two-part series on Syrian Kurds on the upcoming edition of VOMENA.

Seda Altug is assistant Professor at The Ataturk Institute for Modern Turkish History at Bogaziçi University.

In our second segment, we discuss the Boycott, Divestment and Sanctions movement with Nora Barrows-Friedman, journalist and author of the new book In Our Power: US Students Organize for Justice in Palestine. In recent years, Students for Justice in Palestine and other Palestine solidarity groups have campaigned tirelessly, calling upon their universities to boycott and divest from companies and institutions that profit from the Israeli occupation of Palestine. We speak with Barrows-Friedman about why Israeli Zionists are so acutely threatened by student activists, and

Nora Barrows-Friedman is an editor at the Electronic Intifada, and author of the new book In Our Power: US Students Organize for Justice in Palestine. She discussed the book on Thursday November 6, 7pm, at La Peña Cultural Center in Berkeley.

Recommended Readings

Why are Westerners fascinated by “badass” Kurdish women?

A look at another Syrian town under siege

Why the West’s coverage of Kobani is lacking

Smuggling blood and batteries into Kobani

Kurdish politician explains why Kurdish perspective is integral to a solution violence in the Middle East

An excerpt from Nora Barrows-Friedman’s new book, In Our Power: US Students Organize for Justice in Palestine

Libya’s Future and Iranian-American Protest Art

One of Azin Seraj's banknotes from Taraneh Hemami's Fabrications exhibitOne of Azin Seraj’s banknotes from Taraneh Hemami’s Fabrications exhibit

Last Friday, September 19, has become known as “Black Friday” for Libyans — and not because of shopping. A series of assassinations in Benghazi on Friday, including those of two teenage activists, shook a nation already rocked by violent tensions. As world media attention has focused once again on deepening tragedies in Syria and Iraq, another country transformed by the 2011 uprising has been rapidly descending into chaos. The situation in Libya has become increasingly unstable. Rival militias have been openly fighting on the streets of Tripoli, Libya’s capital. As scores of activists and political figures have been assassinated, those who are able have been fleeing to Tunisia and Egypt. With so many factions fighting, it is unclear who is responsible for these killings, and often just plain difficult to understand who the various forces vying for power in Libya are, and what motives they have.  

To unravel the tangle of militant players in Libya and understand what lies in store for the country’s future, Khalil Bendib spoke with Patrick Haimzadeh, a former French diplomat in Libya, political analyst, journalist, and author of In the Heart of Gaddafi’s Libya

Bay Area-based Iranian-American artist Taraneh Hemami has always tried to be a bridge for creative exchange between multi-generational artists. Her new exhibition, Theory of Survival: Fabrications, is a pop-up bazaar featuring the works of 12 local Iranian-American artists who explore revolution, repression, and cultural representation before and after Iran’s 1979 revolution. The artists transform, appropriate, and comment upon the commodification of protest culture imagery

The exhibition opened at San Francisco’s Southern Exposure Gallery on September 5 and runs through October 25.

Additional Readings …

On Libya:

Two Teenage Libyan Activists Killed On September 19; additional details from The Guardian

News from Libyan Youth Voices

Libya asks a global chemical weapons watchdog to ship its stockpiles out of the country

Oil output still climbs

Leaving Libya and violence proves difficult and dangerous

Good news: Libyan poet and translator living and teaching in the U.S. wins a MacArthur Fellowship

Iranian-American Artists Featured in the Exhibit:

Ala Ebtekar; Ali Dadgar; Sanaz MazinaniMorehshin Allahyari; Amir H. Fallah; Arash Fayez; Gelare Khoshgozaran; Hushidar Mortezaie; Amitis Motevalli; Haleh Niazmand; Azin Seraj; Taravat Talepasand

More on the Fabrications Project, from Creative Capital

Salaita vs University of Illinois and global sex trafficking

Photo by John Dixon for The News Gazette/AP

Continuing our coverage of Professor Steven Salaita’s case with the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, we spoke this week with UIUC professors Behrooz Ghamari-Tabrizi and Linda Herrera. On August 1st, the University rescinded its offer to hire Professor Steven Salaita. The University President and Board of Trustees claimed in an open letter that his Twitter presence, where he is highly critical of Israel’s massacre of Gaza, represents “disrespectful and demeaning speech that promotes malice.”

Professor Tabrizi speaks to the question of external political influence on university decision making processes. Letters made public by the Freedom of Information Act show that the University President Robert Easter, Chancellor Phyllis Wise, and Board of Trustees reveal that a number of influential donors threatened to stop funding the university, and even threatened to pull their children out of the school. Professor Herrera discusses the way that online footprints via social media (and the culture of social media) have contributed to a neo-McCarthyism and has made Salaita and other figures the subjects of lampooning and intimidation.

Lynda Herrera is a Social Anthropology professor at UIUC specializing in the Middle East and North Africa. She is also a contributor at Jadaliyya.  Behrooz Ghamari-Tabrizi is a Professor of Sociology at UIUC, and is currently completing a book manuscript called Foucault, the Iranian Revolution, and Enlightenment.

We also aired the second part of our revealing interview with photojournalist and documentary filmmaker Mimi Chakarova. In this interview she discusses why it was necessary for her to pose as a prostitute in order to reveal what happens to women forced into the global sex trade industry. The industry’s continued existence is fueled by a combination of greed, corruption, supply and demand, and male desire. “Just because this girl comes from another country does not mean that she is an other,” she says, adding that it is possible to halt the sex trade cycle by shifting the psychology of demand.

Mimi Chakarova is  one of 10 world renowned photographers whose work is showcased in the UC Berkeley Human Rights Center’s Envisioning Human Rights Photo Exhibition which kicked off on Thursday, August 28th and is running through October.

 

Recommended Readings

On the Salaita case, freedom of speech, and anti-semitism:

Letters to the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign released via the Freedom of Information Act

“Antisemitism and Salaita” – A letter from UIUC English Department head Michael Rothberg to Chancellor Wise

A look at the legal issues and implications of Salaita’s hiring and firing via Al Jazeera

The American Historical Association to Chancellor Wise

A general overview

On Global Sex Trafficking

Five things you didn’t know about human trafficking via Rolling Stone

 

8.27.2014 – Academic freedom in the US and global sex trafficking

Earlier this month, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign rescinded its offer to hire Professor Steven Salaita. The University President and Board of Trustees claimed in an open letter that his Twitter presence, where he is highly critical of Israel’s massacre of Gaza, represents “disrespectful and demeaning speech that promotes malice.” He is by no means the first professor who has come under attack for criticizing Israel’s colonial policies. In 2009, UC Santa Barbara sociologist William Robinson came under attack for his commentary on Israel’s attack on the Gaza Strip. Professor Robinson discusses the Israel lobby’s organized attacks on academic freedom in the United States.

William Robinson is professor of sociology, global and international studies, and Latin American studies at UC Santa Barbara. His latest book is Global Capitalism and the Crisis of Humanity.

Photo by Mimi Chakarova

In this week’s second segment, Malihe Razazan spoke with award winning investigative photojournalist and filmmaker Mimi Chakarova about her decade-long investigation into the world sex trafficking industry. In this interview, which will be continued on next week’s show, Chakarova discusses the importance of her photojournalism work. In order to gain access to victims of the sex trafficking industry for her documentary, The Price of Sex, Chakarova posed as a prostitute herself. In this way, she was able to present these women from a perspective of empathy; something that, she says, male journalists posing as clients could not do. In the interview, she explains why it is nearly impossible for women to escape once they have been enslaved in the industry and gives us a more in-depth understanding of how underlying systems of corruption and capitalism make Turkey and Dubai have become hubs for women subjected to sex trafficking.

Mimi Chakarova is  one of 10 world renowned photographers whose work will be showcased in the UC Berkeley Human Rights Center’s Envisioning Human Rights Photo Exhibition which kicks off on Thursday, August 28th and it runs through October. The exhibit features photos from Bosnia, Guatemala, Bolivia, Brazil, Angola, Uganda, Tanzania, Burma, Vietnam, Moldova, Iraq, and the United States

 

Recommended readings

On the Steven Salaita case and the Zionist impact on academic freedom:

University of Illinois defends pulling job offer over tweets critical of Israel

Letter from over 350 Holocaust survivors, descendants of survivors, and victims condemning Israel’s assault on Gaza as Genocide

On Mimi Chakarova and her work on global sex trafficking:

on ‘The Price of Sex’

Photographs by Mimi Chakarova

VOMENA 6.11.14 – “Human Rights in Iran and speaking out against the Zionist hegemony in the US”

June 12th marks the 5th anniversary of 2009 post-presidential election protest movement in Iran.

 It was a watershed moment in Iranian history, when millions of Iranians took to the streets to protest the fraudulent re-election of President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad. Thousands of people were arrested, tortured or killed, and many disappeared, while thousands of young Iranians were forced to leave the country – and Ahmadinejad was never ousted. Five years later, in the aftermath Hassan Rohani’s election, what, if anything, has changed?

Malihe Razazan spoke with Hadi Ghaemi, executive director of the International Campaign for Human Rights in Iran

According to Ghaemi, almost a year after Rohani’s election, not much has changed: “It was just a year ago that [Rouhani] created a lot of hope, especially for the young population who voted for him to ease the restrictions and improve the human rights situation. Unfortunately, not much has happened. There is a minority clique who is controlling the security, intelligence and judiciary. And they don’t seem to be wanting to relinquish power. And if anything, they have increased their oppression and human rights violations.”

Later in the show, Khalil Bendib interviews Allan Brownfeld about zionism in Jewish-American communities.

Years before the tide of overwhelming pro-Israel sentiment within the Jewish community started turning in America, Allan Brownfeld had been commenting on the myriad signs of growing disaffection with Israel in the pages of the Washington Report on Middle East Affairs magazine. Khalil Bedib spoke with Mr. Brownfeld about a recent article in which he documents several incidents of rebellion against the heavy-handed Zionist hegemony within the organized Jewish-American community, and the increasingly frequent failure to stifle all dissent when it comes to the issue of Israel-Palestine.

In a speech for the National Summit to Reassess the Special Relationship between the U.S. and Israel, he says:

…First, Judaism is a religion, not a nationality, that American Jews are American by nationality and Jews by religion, just as other people are Protestant, Catholic, or Muslim… It is my opinion that what has happened to American Judaism has completely corrupted its religious nature. What we are witnessing today, synagogues flying Israeli flags, programs urging American Jews to immigrate to Israel, their real homeland, is a form of idolatry, making the sovereign state of Israel the object of worship, rather than God.

Allan Brownfeld is a syndicated columnist and a contributing editor to the Washington Report on Middle East Affairs.

 

VOMENA 6.4.14 – Practicing Return and Voting or Not Voting in Egypt

Today we will discuss the recent presidential elections in Egypt.

Despite massive pro-military media propaganda in Egypt, and threats of large fines against those who did not vote, the election commission had to extend the voting for a third day in an attempt to draw more people to polling booths. As predicted, ex-army chief Abdel Fattah al-Sisi declared himself the president of Egypt with 96% of the votes. So was it apathy or an effective Egyptians boycott? What explains the lack of voter turnout when the military has been getting support from a huge sector of the Egyptian public?

Khalil Bendib posed these questions to Cairo-based activist and journalist, Hossam El-Hamalawy.

 

Later in the show, we discuss the creative ways Palestinians have used to practice their right of return over recent years.

We will speak with Samera Esmeir, associate professor at the department of Rhetoric at UC Berkeley about her recent article, “A Guide for the Perplexed: On the Return of the Refugees” published on the Middle East Research and Information Project. In this text, professor Esmeir focused on the the the return of some of the Palestinian refugees to their village Kafr Bir’im, located in northern Palestine in the Galilee, whose residents were expelled in 1948.

“Refugees no longer, we have returned!” a group of Palestinian youths declared in 2012 as they decided to practice their right of return by going back to their village of Iqrit in northern Palestine.A year later, some of the refugees from the neighboring village Kafr Bir’im declared their return to their village. Announcing that they were no longer refugees, to Israel’s consternation, they moved to live in the church and in the two-room school structure of the village, holding gatherings, parties, events and concerts.

Kafr Bir’im’s history and refugees struggle with the Israeli courts as they continued occupying their land. Samera Esmeir started taking us through the village which was declared by the Israelis a national park in the aftermath of the 1948 Nakba.

Read Samera Esmeir’s article, “A Guide for the Perplexed: On the Return of Refugees” here. 

VOMENA 5.28.14 – Coal mine tragedy in Turkey and correcting ancient Persian history in schools

On May 13th, a mine explosion in the western town of Soma, Turkey, triggered an underground fire which killed more than 300 coal mine workers. This was not the first coal mine disaster in Turkey but it’s the deadliest mining disaster in Turkey’s history. The tragedy has raised questions about the impact of neo-liberal and privatization policies of the ruling Justice and Development party (AKP) and its far reaching impact on the lives of millions of workers in Turkey.

On this edition of Voices of the Middle East and North Africa, we will have a conversation with Erdem Yörük, an assistant professor of sociology at Koç University in Turkey about the the impact of the politics of the AKP party on workers’ rights and safety in coal mines and other hazardous industries in Turkey.

According to a report on the BBC, mining safety incidents are not new to Turkey – Around 13,000 miners suffered accidents at work in 2013, according to the Turkish Statistical Institute. On average, for every million tons of excavated coal, more than seven miners die every year, according to a report by the Economic Research Foundation of Turkey (TEPAV).

Many blame these accidents on loose regulatory standards and privatization. Since the state leased the mine to the Soma Holding Company in 2005, the company has cut mining costs by up to 80 percent – most likely at the cost of worker safety.

“Work safety? There is no work safety. They cut corners wherever they can,” Veli Yilmaz, a coal miner in Soma for nine years, told the Guardian. “The foremen receive a bonus if we produce more coal than planned. So all they worry about is working faster and extracting more coal.”

Just weeks before the disaster, the ruling Justice and Development Party (AKP) voted against a motion in parliament calling for a thorough inspection of mines throughout the country.

“We are sick of going to the funerals of miners. We have to do something to stop these fatalities,” said Ozgur Ozel, an MP from the Republican People’s Party (CHP), who called for the inspection.

Five company officials, including the mine’s operating manager, Akin Çelik, have been arrested on charges of causing death by negligence as part of an investigation into the disaster.

 

Later in the program we will have a conversation with John Lee, Associate Professor of history at UC Santa Barbara and Dr. Jaleh Niazi of HistoryAdvocates, about a new campaign to bring radical change in the way ancient Persian civilization is being taught in California K-12 public education.

Jaleh Niazi is a member of the History Advocate campaign, an effort to correct California schools’ biased representation of ancient Persian civilization. You can learn about the campaign at historyadvoctes.com.

5.7.14 – Ilan Pappé and the foundation myth of Israel

In this week’s program, we’ll have a conversation with prominent Israeli scholar Ilan Pappé about his new book The Idea of Israel: A History of Power and Knowledge. In it, Pappe examines the way successive generations of Israeli historians have framed the 1948 conquest as a “liberation campaign,” and created a foundation myth that went unquestioned in Israeli society until the 1990s.

Mr. Pappe’s new book has been described as a powerful and urgent intervention in the war of ideas concerning the past, and the future, of the Israel and Palestine.

To continue to support this kind of programming, we need your help! VOMENA’s home station, KPFA 91.4FM, is in the midst of ap ledge drive. Call 510 848-5732 or toll free 1-800-439-5732 to donate, or contribute through our site, kpfa.org.

[Audio will be uploaded soon]

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